Ikriti, Shemariah


Ikriti, Shemariah
(1275-1355)
   Italian philosopher and biblical commentator. He was brought up in Crete and spent most of his life in Italy. In 1352 he went to Spain on an unsuccessful mission to reconcile Karaites and Rabbinites; he was accused of messianic pretentions and died in prison. His works include a philosophical commentary on the Bible, a cosmological polemic, and a study of talmudic legends.

Dictionary of Jewish Biography. .

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  • SHEMARIAH BEN ELIJAH BEN JACOB — (Ikriti; 1275–1355), philosopher and biblical commentator. Though probably born in Rome, he is known as Ikriti ( the Cretan ) because, when he was still a child, his family moved to Crete, where his father had been called as a rabbi; he is also… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Shemariah of Negropont — Shemariah ben Elijah Ikriti of Negropont (born c. 1275) (Hebrew: שמריה בן אליהו האיקריטי) was an Jewish Italian philosopher and Biblical exegete, contemporary of Dante and Immanuel. He was born probably at Rome, the descendant of a long line of… …   Wikipedia

  • KARAITES — (Heb. בַּעֲלֵי מִקְרָא ,בְּנֵי מִקְרָא ,קָרָאִים, Qaraʾim, Benei Miqra, Ba alei Miqra; Ar. Qarāʾiyyūn), Jewish sect which came into being toward the middle of the ninth century. (See Map: karaite Settlement). Its doctrine is characterized… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Judah Leon ben Moses Mosconi — (born 1328) was a Bulgarian scholar and Talmudist born at Ocrida. Owing to the wars which agitated Bulgaria in the 14th century, Mosconi left his native country about 1360. He traveled in all the three continents of the Old World. He was in Chios …   Wikipedia

  • CRETE — (Candia), the fourth largest island, 160 mi. (248 km.) long, in the Mediterranean Sea and the largest Greek island, lying 60 mi. (96 km) from the Peloponnesus. Crete is apparently identical with the biblical caphtor , the original home of the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • KIRIMI, ABRAHAM — (14th century), Crimean rabbi and Bible commentator. One of the first Jewish scholars in the Crimea, Abraham was named Kirimi after the town of Eski Krym (Solkhat). He wrote a commentary to the Pentateuch entitled Sefat Emet. In a poem which… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • MUELHAUSEN, YOM TOV LIPMANN — (14th–15th centuries), scholar, polemist, philosopher, kabbalist, and one of the great rabbis of Bohemia in his time. His name indicates that he, or his family, probably originally came from Mulhouse in Alsace; all that is known with certainty,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • OCHRIDA — (ancient Lychnidos), town on Lake Ohrid/Ochrida in the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. There were Jews living in Ochrida during the Middle Ages. The scholar judah leon mosconi lived in Ochrida. He studied under Shemariah ha Ikriti (the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism


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